Saturday, 23 June 2012

Saturday Snapshots of a Gateway to the Past

Polesworth Abbey Gatehouse

This gatehouse is virtually all that remains of Polesworth Abbey, and I can never pass it without thinking of the nuns who walked beneath it when the were forced to leave during the dissolution of the monasteries. For some of the women it would have been the only home they had ever known – and one of them was 100 years old, so just imagine how she must have felt.

It was here that the nuns distributed bread to the poor of the village, and as they left they must have wondered who would feed them and how they would survive in the harsh world outside their convent and its church. The Benedictine abbey, founded in Saxon times, was rebuilt by the Normans, and became very prosperous through donations from wealthy benefactors who, doubtlessly, hoped their generosity would secure them a place in Heaven. The nuns owned woods, meadows and other land, as well as mills, churches, a dovecote, and properties owned by tenants living and working on their land.
Looking in: Walking through the archway takes you
along a path, lined with trees and flowers, to the
graveyard and church
 In 1536 a commission set up by Henry VIII to record the assets of religious establishments, put the annual value of Polesworth Abbey at £110s 6s 2d, noting it was in 'good and convenient repair. The income from the 'great woods' and the 'stocks, stores and moveable goods' (whatever they may have been) was even higher, and if you multiply this across the country, you begin to see why the king was so keen to get his hands on the monasteries. It may be a cynical point of view, but it does strike me that the whole process had more to do with economics that religion.

Anyway, the Commission recommended that Polesworth should not be closed, because if it did the town would fall into 'ruyne and dekaye', and it went on to explain how more than 30 children were educated there, and that the nuns had 38 people dependent on them, including 3 priests, 8 yeomen, 17 peasants, 9 women servants, and one 'old impotent creature, sometime cook of the House, who had her living here by promise'. This appeal was successful – possibly because the Abbess, Alicia Fitz-Herbert, paid a fee of £50 - and in 1537 Polesworth was granted exemption.
Looking out: the view through the gateway into the street.
 But two years later the 60-year-old abbess surrendered the abbey voluntarily. Perhaps pressure was brought to bear on her, or perhaps she realised that the nunnery would eventually be closed whether she liked it or not, so felt it was better to give in. At any rate, Alicia and the 14 'virtuous and relygous nounes' under her rule, all clad in their black robes, walked away to start their new life. Their fate is unknown, but there is a record of their names, and they were awarded pensions.  Local historian Jean Wood lists the names, and a great deal of other fascinating information, in 'A New Look At Polesworth History'.

In 1544 Henry sold the abbey to the Goodere family, who demolished most of the buildings and erected a manor house (which is now the vicarage). The nuns' priest, John Bower, became their chaplain..
The building to the right of the arch was part of the gatehouse
 The gatehouse through which the nuns walked when they left, survives. Parts of it date back to 1343, although some alterations were made over the years. The main archway was for horse-drawn vehicles, and the smaller one for pedestrians. Originally there must have been stout, protective doors, and there was a room downstairs, to the left of the little arch,  for a porter, who checked everyone in and out. 

The building to the right of the main arch was part of the gatehouse complex. It's thought the nuns may have kept horses or livestock in the lower part, and that the gatehouse may have been where guests stayed. After the Dissolution part of the gatehouse became a schoolroom, and later still some of it was used as a 'lock-up' or prison. 
A close-up of the room above the archwayn
For more Saturday Snapshots see  Alice's blog http://athomewithbooks.net/

28 comments:

  1. Such a beautiful building and a fascinating history. I'm glad the building has survived, even if the nuns had to leave.

    Have you been inside?

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    1. Sadly, I haven't - they do tours sometimes, and every time I mean to go something else crops up, but I intend to book for the next one.

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  2. That's fascinating. I wonder how they adjusted to life on the outside - it may have been frightening after the routines and order of the convent.

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    1. I always wonder that as well, and I'd love to know where they went, and what happened to them. I think it must have been terrifying. I suppose if they had families they went back to them, but given the political and religious climate of the time it seems unlikely that many people would have welcomed a Catholic nun into their home.

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  3. Interesting history. At least part of the buildings survived to keep the story alive.

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    1. There are bits of cloister walls there, and the church where they worshipped still stands. It was 'improved' in the 18th and 19th centuries, but I'm sure they would recognise much of it - and there's a monument to an early abbess, which I plan to post at a future date.

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  4. It looks gorgeous! I would love to visit it someday!

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    1. I like it - it's of my favourite places locally, and there's a econd-hand bookshop in the village, which s always good to visit!

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  5. Again, if not for your post, I wouldn't have known. Thanks for writing up and sharing your photos of Polesworth Abbey. I admire what the nuns had done.

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    1. Thank you Arti. Most towns and villages in England have fascinating histories, but they only seem to be known in their own locality.

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  6. Thanks for sharing your photos and the occupants' and buildings's rich history.

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  7. What an interesting history behind that gatehouse! It would make an interesting story for a novel, but of course knowing what really happened to those nuns would be the best.

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    1. Alyce, I've always thought the story of the last nuns would make a wonderful novel... I can see them walking slowly through the Archway, their heads bowed...

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  8. I love to visit old places like that and reflect and wonder about the people who were there before me. Through your post, I could almost feel the spirit of those nuns.

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  9. Fascinating history. The pictures tell a lot.

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    1. The good thing is that the church, and the borough council, and the county, and residents, are all so anxious to preserve it.

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  10. This is really fascinating - what a great post! I would love to see that.

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    1. That is kind of you - I'm glad you liked it.

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  11. Like Bermuda Onion, I wonder about people there before, so I really enjoyed your story about the old gatehouse. Thanks for telling the tale. It would be fun if someone wrote a novel, even if it isn't factual. Just imagining their lives and putting ourselves in their place intrigues me.

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    1. History is all about people, and I love tying to imagine who they were, and what they like - especially somewhere like this, which is so atmospheric.

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  12. Great pictures, I love finding buildings like that they take you back to the past. :)

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    1. I often think it's easier to imagine the past in a smaller, quieter place, rather that the big castles and stately homes which have become tourist attractions.

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  13. Great photos and story to go with them. It made me think about the nuns in the U.S. who are being reprimanded by the Vatican now for spending too much time helping the poor when (according to the Vatican) they should be fighting abortion and gay rights. Grrrr. Makes me mad enough to skip going to mass. Bunch of old men and their silly ideas. Thanks for sharing.

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    1. I didn't know the Pope had reprimanded nuns - sounds daft to me. I can see why you are cross about it!

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  14. Beautiful! Thanks for sharing the photos and the history behind them!

    Muzette

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    1. Thank you - there is so much history in this area.

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